(A) Pattern Theory. I'm going to talk first of all about patterns and pattern languages, what I did about that, a few little points about problems we encountered, why we did it, how we did it, and so forth. That is a historical survey referring back to the late 60s and early 70s.
(B) The Nature of Order. Then, I'm going to summarize the theoretical framework which has evolved out of the pattern work: a framework which is about to be published in a series of four books collectively called The Nature Of Order, four books that will be put out by Oxford University Press in the year 2000. That framework is a fairly radical departure from what the pattern language in the earlier theories contained, although it is consistent with them. That'll be the second thing. And, I'll just try and sketch that out in the hope that there might be some carryover or you might possibly find it interesting -- even though of course I will have no way to apply this to your field directly when I tell you about it. However, there are undoubtedly abundant connections between the two fields that can be drawn.
(C ). What the future holds in store: The Generativity Problem and the Generation of a Living World. At the time I wrote the introduction for Richard Gabriel's book, that was really as far as I had gotten in trying to trace the connection between my work and your work in the field of computer science: I tell you what I'm doing, and maybe some of you folks might find it interesting or be able to extrapolate. But I couldn't really find that sufficient to be satisfying. I felt that there is some more significant connection between your field and mine. Or at least that there perhaps is. And that finally brought me to the third point.
The Nature of Order: An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe, Book 4 - The Luminous Ground (Center for Environmental Structure, Vol. 12) [Christopher Alexander] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Book Four presents a new cosmology that arises from the careful study of architecture and art
The Nature of Order: An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe, Book 3 - A Vision of a Living World (Center for Environmental Structure, Vol. 11) [Christopher Alexander] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In Book Three of this four-volume work, Alexander presents hundreds of his own buildings and those of his contemporaries who have used methods consistent with the theory of living process.Containing nearly seven hundred pages of projects which have been built and planned in a number of countries over a thirty-year period
The Process of Creating Life: Nature of Order, Book 2: An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe (The Nature of Order)(Flexible) [Christopher Alexander] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Christopher Alexander's masterwork, the result of 27 years of research, considers three vital perspectives: a scientific perspective; a perspective based on beauty and grace; a commonsense perspective based on our intuitions and everyday life.
Notes on the Synthesis of Form (Harvard Paperbacks) [Christopher Alexander] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. These notes are about the process of design: the process of inventing things which display new physical order
The Nature of Order: An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe, Book 1 - The Phenomenon of Life (Center for Environmental Structure, Vol. 9) [Christopher Alexander] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In Book One of this four-volume work, Alexander describes a scientific view of the world in which all space-matter has perceptible degrees of life
The Timeless Way of Building [Christopher Alexander] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The theory of architecture implicit in our world today, Christopher Alexander believes, is bankrupt. More and more people are aware that something is deeply wrong. Yet the power of present-day ideas is so great that many feel uncomfortable
A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction (Center for Environmental Structure) [Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa, Murray Silverstein, Max Jacobson, Ingrid Fiksdahl-King, Shlomo Angel] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. You can use this book to design a house for yourself with your family; you can use it to work with your neighbors to improve your town and neighborhood; you can use it to design an office
The Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth: A Struggle Between Two World-Systems (Center for Environmental Structure) [Christopher Alexander, HansJoachim Neis, Maggie Moore Alexander] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The purpose of all architecture, writes Christopher Alexander, is to encourage and support life-giving activity, dreams
回到上面的问题—为什么Wiki技术在百科全书领域最具影响？因为 Wiki 使用事物的名字作为链接，但名字短时，非常容易让 Wiki 页互联；名字长时，互联变得非常困难。因为 Wiki 工具的这个特点，使得它在短名字的这些领域具有最强的共振强度。而人类知识交流系统的演化，这些短名字的领域就是公共知识领域，也就是传统工具里的百科全书和新时代的维基百科。用另外一个说法，就是人类知识系统和互联网工具发生了一种共振，这个共振颗粒化的角度看就是 Wiki 和 Wikipedia。
然而可以继续深究的是下一个层次的现象—名字的长短，即语言现象。我不去再仔细展开了，大家可以想见。还可以举个很基础的例子，就是数和数系。在 ishango bone 里的结绳记事的方法只是在不断地刻痕，并没有数的概念。而后来的数这种认知的颗粒，恰好就是刻痕或者结纽的某种模式的反复振动；同时颗粒的组合就构成了数系。所以，振动其实在很基础的知识层面里就出现了。
有趣的是颗粒组合的层次性或者说波动维度的层次。在讨论 Wiki 页面互联时，我们是使用名字来讨论的，即是名字的某种振动；然后仔细看名字，它是字的组合，即它是字的某种振动；而字又是更底层现象的一种共振。就是说，一些共振模式长期存在，这些模式间的变化构成了一种新的层次上的振动。
克里斯托弗 · 亚历山大（Christopher Wolfgang Alexander）是建筑学领域的一代宗师，1936年生于维也纳，在英国长大，曾在剑桥大学先后学习过物理/化学、数学、建筑学等专业；1958年赴美，在哈佛大学获建筑学博士学位，同期学习过交通理论、计算机科学和认知科学，之后在加州伯克利大学任教，直至退休，1996年被推选为美国艺术与科学学院（American Academy of Arts and Sciences）院士。亚历山大一生着述颇丰，代表作有《建筑模式的语言》（A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction）、《建筑的永恒之道》（The Timeless Way of Building ）等，给后世带来极大的启发，并且这种启发超越了建筑学领域，像计算机领域中的很多思想和方法如「设计模式」等就来源于亚历山大的着作，目前游戏设计领域还会经常引用亚历山大的观点。
《形式综合论》（Notes on the Synthesis of Form）是亚历山大的早期作品，成书于60年代早期，也就是他30岁前所写，篇幅不长，却是他整个学术思想的奠基之作。这本书其实并非探讨具体建筑设计问题的专着，而是在一个更一般意义的层面上，探索和解答有关「设计」的根本问题，是一本探讨「设计哲学」（如果我可以用这个词的话）的极富创造力的作品。
Published on Mar 7, 2012
Due to unexpected illness, Christopher Alexander was unable to participate in the 2009 Vincent Scully Prize program. The program was amended to include a personal message from Mr. Alexander followed by an in-depth discussion of his work and its continuing impact on the field with close colleagues. David Schwarz, Vincent Scully Prize chair gave an introduction to the program and Randy Schmidt, vice president of the Center for Environmental Structure delivered Alexander's presentation.
The "action science" strategy of organizational development was defined and vigorously advanced primarily by Dr. Chris Argyris (with important help from Donald Schon and others) over a period of more than 50 years.