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自我决定论 | Self-Determination Theory (SDT)

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自我决定理论是由美国心理学家Deci Edward L. 和Ryan Richard M. 等人在20世纪80年代提出的一种关于人类自我决定行为的动机过程理论。

作为一种新的动机理论,自我决定理论强调人类行为的自我决定程度,将动机按自我决定程度的高低视作一个连续体.其基础是有机辩证元理论,认为社会环境可以通过支持自主、胜任、关系三种基本心理需要的满足来增强人类的内部动机、促进外部动机的内化、保证人类健康成长。自我决定理论虽然具有一定的局限性,但它体现了动机研究的趋向,为众多的动机理论的整合提供了基础。

created May 06, 2013

updated July 11, 2014

joined 10/20/2009