Definitions of Terms
For the purpose of this review there are some terms that need to be defined to express the perspective of the author.
Traditional storytelling techniques refer to the means of effectively sharing knowledge, interpreting experiences or passing on wisdom to others.
Digital storytelling is a means for expanding upon traditional storytelling techniques through the inclusion of a variety of digital modalities. This can be viewed in either a passive way or in a manner that engages the listener.
Assessment Practices is the systematic gathering of information about student learning and the factors that affect learning, undertaken with the resources, time, and expertise available, for the purpose of improving the learning. There are three basic steps of assessment: 1) Articulate learning goals, 2) Gather information about how well students are achieving the goals and why, 3) Use the information for improvement (Walvoord, 2004).
Finally, the meaning of the term Digital Literacy is the ability to use, filter and validate technology tools and the Internet strategically to find and evaluate information, collaborate with others, produce and share original content and to achieve academic, professional or personal goals. This last term is important as it encompasses the entire learning process around digital storytelling and the assessment practices considered for this review.