Mary Cassatt, an American painter and printmaker, was born on May 22, 1844. She was born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (now part of Pittsburgh), and her family moved to Philadelphia when she was six. Cassatt grew up in a family that enjoyed traveling, so during her childhood she spent five years in Europe and was introduced to French artists from a young age. Cassatt studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts when she was 15. She moved to Paris in 1866 and privately studied under masters from an art school there. Cassatt was highly influenced by the French impressionist painter, Edgar Degas. Mary Cassatt established her studio in Paris in 1875. After her somewhat difficult but successful art career, in 1914 Cassatt became unable to paint due to blindness. Mary Cassatt died on June 14, 1926.
Cassatt is famous for her impressionist-style paintings. She mostly used oil paints and oil pastels to create her masterpieces. People are the subjects of the majority of Cassatt's paintings, and many of her paintings show a relationship between a mother and child. She is most famous for her mother and child paintings. Several of her paintings were of her own relatives. One of Cassatt's paintings, Mother and Two Children from 1906, sold for $4,272,000 at an auction in New York.